THE TEN COMMANDMENTS

and

THE BOOK OF THE LAW 


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TwoLaws Part 3

THE BOOK OF THE LAW ADDED -- WHY?

Moses placed two tables of stone with the Ten Commandments in the arc of the covenant (Duet 10:1-5) and the Levites placed the Book of the Law in the side of the arc of the covenant. Note: placing the Book of the Law in the side of the arc was possible, due to the staves that were used to care the arc. These were never to be removed and the Book of the Law could be placed between the staves and the arc.. 'place in the side of the arc'.

The two tables of stone were to be kept within the arc always, but the Book of the Law was to be read to "all Israel" every seventh year at the feast of Tabernacles (Deut 31:10-13). Moses was the mediator of the Old Covenant (Ex 24:1-12) and Israel was commanded to keep the Ten Commandments and the law of their mediator (Book of the Law), but we are under the New Covenant, and we no longer have to obey the Law of Moses; but we have to obey the law of our Mediator, Yahshua the Messiah. We obey two laws, the commandments of YHWH and the testimony or teachings of Yahshua the Messiah.

 

Revelation 12:17 And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which _keep the commandments of God_, and _have the testimony of Yahshua Christ_.

Revelation 14:12 Here is the patience of the saints: here [are] they _that keep the commandments of God_, and _the faith of Yahshua_.

The questions that need to be answered at this time are:

1. For what purpose was it given?

2. Why did it end at the cross of the Messiah?

the Bible indeed does give the answers.

Paul asked the question,

Galatians 3:19 "Wherefore then [serveth] the law?..."

This is what we want to know too -- For what purpose was it given?

Paul is speaking here of "The Book of the Law"

Galatians 3:10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that continueth not in all things which are written in _the book of the law_ to do them.

The purpose of the Ten Commandment law is clearly given in the New Testament:

Romans 3:20 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for _by the law [is] the knowledge of sin_.

1John 3:4 Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for _sin is the transgression of the law_.

Romans 7:7 What shall we say then? [Is] the law sin? YHWH forbid. Nay, _I had not known sin, but by the law_: for I had not known _lust_, except the _law_ had said, _Thou shalt not covet_.

Romans 7:12 Wherefore the law [is] holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good.

So now why the Mosaic Law?

Paul goes on to answer his own question AND ours also:
Galatians 3:19 ..... It was _added because of transgressions_, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; [and it was] ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.

Here we have the key to the whole matter in this one verse of scripture. First note that this "Book of the Law" was added because of transgression. Paul says in:

Romans 4:15 Because the law worketh wrath: _for where no law is, [there is] no transgression_.

And John tells us in his letter:

1John 3:4 Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for _sin is the transgression of the law_.

This law referred to here is the Ten Commandments of YHWH which a transgression of, is sin; and Paul says that this "Book of the Law" was added because the people were transgressing God's law, or because of sin. Remember too, that there could be no transgression if there was no law. The FACT that this "Book of the Law" was added because of transgression is proof that the Ten Commandments were already in existence and this "Book of the Law" was added because of that transgression. This is another proof of the TWO laws.

Were they really transgressing the Ten Commandments? Yes :

Exodus 16:23-29 And he said unto them, This [is that] which YHWH hath said, To morrow [is] the rest of the holy sabbath unto YHWH: bake [that] which ye will bake [to day], and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning. Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day, [which is] the sabbath, in it there shall be none. And it came to pass, [that] there went out [some] of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none. And YHWH said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep my commandments and my laws? Exodus 16:29 See, for that YHWH hath given you the sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.

They violated the Sabbath and were rebuked by YHWH. They made and worshipped an idol while Moses was up on the mountain with YHWH (Ex 32:1-8).

Ezekiel 20:24-26 Because they had not executed my judgments, but had despised my statutes, and had polluted my sabbaths, and their eyes were after their fathers' idols. Wherefore I gave them also statutes [that were] not good, and judgments whereby they should not live; And I polluted them in their own gifts, in that they caused to pass through [the fire] all that openeth the womb, that I might make them desolate, to the end that they might know that I [am] YHWH.

Added because of transgression.

Why did it end at the cross?

This law was given or added "until the seed should come to whom the promise was made"

Galatians 3:19 Wherefore then [serveth] the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; [and it was] ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.

The promised seed of Abraham was the Messiah.

Galatians 3:16 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is the Messiah.

This "Book of the Law" was only to service until Yahshua came. Its purpose would be ended then. However, the Ten Commandments continue on because they are still needed to define sin.

That Book of the Law contained "precepts, statutes and laws...."

Nehemiah 9:14 And madest known unto them thy holy sabbath, and commandedst them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of Moses thy servant:

One series or code of laws in that Book of the Law regulated the Priesthood and the offering of animal sacrifices for sin and other offerings under the old covenant. Paul make that clear here

Hebrews 7:12 For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law.

Hebrews 7:27 Who needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people's: for this he did once, when he offered up himself.

Hebrews 7:28 For the law maketh men high priests which have infirmity; but the word of the oath, which was since the law, [maketh] the Son, who is consecrated for evermore.

Hebrews 10:1 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, [and] not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.
2 For then would they not have ceased to be offered? Because that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins.
3 But in those [sacrifices there is] a remembrance again [made] of sins every year.
4 For [it is] not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins.
6 In burnt offerings and [sacrifices] for sin thou hast had no pleasure.
7 Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me,) to do thy will, O YHWH.
8 Above when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and [offering] for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure [therein]; which are offered by the law;
9 Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O YHWH. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second.

Hebrews 10:11 And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:
12 But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of YHWH;

This law and system of animal sacrifices for sin could not take away sin, but was a schoolmaster to bring us to the Messiah that we might be justified by faith. That law, with the sacrifices, was a type and a shadow of the one Sacrifice, or death of Yahshua, that does take away sin. When Yahshua died the system of animal sacrifices had to end. It was abolished at the cross. The ABOLISHED code of law found in the Book of the Law Galatians 3:10 ......... which are written in the book of the law to do them.

Galatians 3:19 Wherefore then [serveth] the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; [and it was] ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.

is clearly described by the Apostle Paul so that none need confuse it with the Ten Commandments. Note what he says about this law that was abolished

Colossians 2:14 Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross;

(Could this refer to the Ten Commandments? Are they contrary to Christians?)

Ephesians 2:15 Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, [even] the law of commandments [contained] in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, [so] making peace;

Hebrews 9:1 Then verily the first [covenant] had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary.

This Book of the Law also contained the governmental laws of Israel and the promises under the old covenant. They were the administrative laws enforcing obedience to the great constitution, or basic law, the Ten Commandments under a death penalty. Murder, adultery, idolatry, dishonor of parents, Sabbath desecration and most willful violations were punished by death under two or more witnesses. Deut 17:1-7; Deut 19:11, 12; Lev 20:10; Ex 35:2

That is why Paul speaks of Moses' ministration as the "Ministration of death, written and engraved in stones"

2Corinthians 3:7 But if the ministration of death, written [and] engraven in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not stedfastly behold the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance; which [glory] was to be done away:

Deuteronomy 27:1 And Moses with the elders of Israel commanded the people, saying, Keep all the commandments which I command you this day.
2 And it shall be on the day when ye shall pass over Jordan unto the land which YHWH thy God giveth thee, that thou shalt set thee up great stones, and plaister them with plaister:
3 And thou shalt write upon them all the words of this law, when thou art passed over, that thou mayest go in unto the land which YHWH thy God giveth thee, a land that floweth with milk and honey; as YHWH God of thy fathers hath promised thee.
4 Therefore it shall be when ye be gone over Jordan, [that] ye shall set up these stones, which I command you this day, in mount Ebal, and thou shalt plaister them with plaister.

Deut 27:8 And thou shalt write upon the stones all the words of this law very plainly.

Joshua 8:30 Then Joshua built an altar unto YHWH God of Israel in mount Ebal,
31 As Moses the servant of YHWH commanded the children of Israel, as it is written in the book of the law of Moses, an altar of whole stones, over which no man hath lift up [any] iron: and they offered thereon burnt offerings unto YHWH, and sacrificed peace offerings.
32 And he _wrote there upon the stones a copy of the law of Moses_, which he wrote in the presence of the children of Israel.
34 And afterward he read all the words of the law, the blessings and cursings, according to all that is _written in the book of the law_.
35 There was not a word of all that Moses commanded, which Joshua read not before all the congregation of Israel, with the women, and the little ones, and the strangers that were conversant among them.

Moses' ministration came to an end and Christ's ministration takes its place. The change of administration did not, however, change God's perfect law, the Ten Commandments, which services as the great constitutional law of both the Old and New Testaments. Moses enforced obedience to the letter under a national penalty law of death. Yahshua enforces obedience from the heart under penalty of death, but execution is at the judgment of YHWH. (Rom 6:23; 1John 3:15; Rev 20:12-14; Rev 22:14).

For an example of the two ministrations in comparison, read John 8:1-11. A woman taken in adultery was brought to the Messiah by the Scribes and Pharisees, who wanted to know if they should stone her as Moses in the law commanded. "What sayest thou?" The answer was, "He that is without sin among you cast the first stone at her." The result was that no stones were cast and all her accusers left. To the woman Yahshua said, "Neither do I condemn thee: go, and SIN NO MORE." Under Moses' law she would have died without mercy, but under the Messiah she received forgiveness with the command to "sin no more." While having mercy and granting pardon Yahshua enforces strict obedience to the Ten Commandments. "Go: and sin no more" recognized and enforced obedience to the seventh commandment (ex 20:1-17).

In the sermon on the Mount we read that "to lust" makes us guilty before YHWH of violation of this commandment (Matt 5:27,28).

Hatred is a violation of the sixth commandment (Matt 5:21-23; 1John 3:15).

Paul speaks of the Ten Commandments as "holy, just and good" (Rom 7:7-12).

James calls them a perfect law of liberty by which we are to be judged (James 1:23-25; James 2:10-12).

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